Panic About Us Site Map Login Register 
Oil and Gas Jobs
Home
 
Job Search
 
Training
 
Community
 
Advice
 
Information
 
Login
 
 
Select Region 


  Design - Oil & Gas CAD Jobs

Your search has returned 167 live Jobs. Please click the job title to view the full job description and/or apply for the job.

Category:
Region/Country:
(the job is based in)

Job Directory

Jobs 1-50 of 167
Results Page: 1  2  3  4  [Next>>]
Senior Mechanical Design Engineer,  Matchtech Group
An exciting opportunity has arisen for a Senior Mechanical Design Engineer to be responsible for overseeing instrumentation products, particularly focusing on record and control products.

Role Dimensions

-Mechanical design
-Innovate own designs from specifications
-Produce and evaluate conceptual designs and models
-Create drawings and assembly details
-Work with suppliers to produce pr...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Cambridge, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Design draughtsman,  Pyramid Recruitment
I am currently seeking a design draughtsman on a short term 3-6 month contract in Aberdeen for a large oil and gas subsea service company.
This is now a urgent requirement for my client who are looking for someone to start ASAP

Experience directly related to the ROV industry is desirable however, candidates displaying a sound mechanical hydraulic background with knowledge of offshore operatio...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: contract
Senior Design Engineer,  Eden Scott
My client, a leading engineering consultancy, is looking to hire a Senior Engineer to join their organisation.
My client designs and develops products for the oil and gas industry. They are involved in a variety of areas such as exploration, production and decommissioning related projects in a range of medium to large organisations.

The role will involve a variety of day to day activities cou...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Dundee, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
PDMS Administrator,  Net Talent

PDMS Administrator

Aberdeen

Contract

Our client are looking for a PDMS Administrator to join them on a contract basis in Aberdeen. Reporting to the Design Draughting Supervisor, you will be responsible for the project set up, maintenance and support of the CAD environment.

Key Skills

  • Enginee...
Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior Mechanical Engineer,  Matchtech Group
Matchtechs client, an international R&D company in electronic and mechanical engineering, with a high profile in exploration well testing, production & completion in the oil and gas market currently have a requirement for a Senior Mechanical Engineer.

The successful applicant will work within a team of Mechanical Engineers and Draughters, dealing with all mechanical aspects of equipment and sys...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Dyce, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior Mechanical Design Engineer - Drilling Services - Houston, TX,  Baker Hughes
LOCATION

Houston, TX 77073

EMPLOYMENT STATUS

Full Time Regular

ABOUT THIS JOB

Baker Hughes Incorporated has an opening for a Senior Mechanical Design Engineer - Drilling Services in Houston, TX. As a leader in the oilfield services industry, Baker Hughes offers opportunities for qualified people who want to grow in our high performance o...
Organisation's Logo
Location: Houston, UNITED STATES
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Draughtsperson,  WRS Tech Limited

My Client is a Dominant leader in the design and production of Valves in the Oil & Gas, petrochemical and nuclear industries. The company has seen increased growth and continue to expand and invest in their equipment and staff.

The successful candidate will design, develop and evaluate components and assemblies, compile design reports and maintenance manuals. Design valves and modifies e...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Dorset, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Design Engineer (Junior, Mid, Senior),  WRS Tech Limited
My Client is a Dominant leader in the design and production of Valves in the Oil & Gas, petrochemical and nuclear industries. The company has seen increased growth and continue to expand and invest in their equipment and staff.

The successful candidate will design, develop and evaluate components and assemblies, compile design reports and maintenance manuals. Design valves and modifies exi...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Dorset, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Engineer, Draughtsman, Sales, Manager, Technician,  WRS Tech Limited
Are you looking for your next potential move in the Valve industry but want a confidential approach? Start by getting in touch with me, Toby Cartledge - Technical Consultant at WRS Tech. I specialise in the recruitment of candidates within the Valve Industry. All conversations are treated confidentially, no matter what the situation.

I recruit in the UK, Europe, Middle East and Americas and wo...

Organisation's Logo
Location: All UK, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Chemistry Lab Technician,  Leap29
Leap 29 are currently working on behalf of a major oilfield services company, actively seeking a Chemistry Lab Technician to join them on a 6 month contract basis from San Antonio, Texas.

You will be responsible for performing duties to conduct prototype or laboratory tests following prescribed procedures. Build equipment and/or perform basic material or environmental tests using basic techniqu...

Organisation's Logo
Location: San Antonio, UNITED STATES
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: contract
Senior design Engineer,  G&S Recruitment Services Ltd
Focal point of the design and development of the products.
Skilled in design engineering and analysis
Interpretation of requirements to establish design bass with subsequent development into fully functioning designs.
Creation of associated calculations, test and documentation
Strong communication skills, colleagues, project teams, customers, 3rd parties

General awareness of subsea ...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Principle Piping Designer,  Net Talent

Principle Piping Designer

(Contract or Perm)

Aberdeen

NT Energy are looking for a 'Principle Piping Designer' for our client, a leading international drilling contractor. You will be based in Aberdeen on either a staff or contract basis.

Based onshore in their new offices, you will be responsible providing design service...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Design Engineer,  G&S Recruitment Services Ltd
Working closely with other design engineers, analysis engineers and draughtpersons you will be involved from concept to final build , test and delivery.

Role requires interprestation of requirements to establish a design basis.
Also creation of associated calculations test procedures and support documentation.
Liaising with colleagues, project teams, customers and 3rd parties.

Ideally cap...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
CAD Draughtsperson,  G&S Recruitment Services Ltd
3D drafting.
Work closely with the design, project and analysis engineers you will be involved from concept to final build, test and delivery.
Also part number creation and assisting with compilation of bills of materials

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior Design Engineer,  Simpson Booth Limited
Our client is a rapidly growing service provider to the global drilling sector. Due to a new innovative, patented technology that they have developed, our client is seeking to grow their technical engineering and design team in Aberdeenshire. We are therefore seeking a Design Engineer and a Senior Design Engineer to join their team to enhance this technology and further contribute to their growing...
Location: Aberdeenshire, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior CAD Designer (Engineering),  Eden Scott
Eden Scott is recruiting for a global client for the role of a Senior CAD Designer (Engineering)

The purpose of the role is to provide Design Office support for capital projects and in delivery of plant modifications. To act as a lead for the plant modification process and Design Office systems.

Scope of Responsibility

*Maintenance and upkeep of all site master drawings (e.g. ELD's, UL...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Montrose, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Design Engineer,  Eden Scott
Eden Scott's Client is currently recruiting for a global client for the role of a Design Engineer in Aberdeen.

We are looking to talk with candidates who, if successful, would conduct the engineering duties of a project in a professional and methodical manner. The Design Engineer will provide expertise and technical support to the client during the design phase of a project and will also have t...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior Design Engineer,  Eden Scott
Eden Scott's Client is currently recruiting a Senior Design Engineer.

The Senior Design Engineer's position is to conduct engineering duties of a project in a professional and methodical manner. The Senior Design Engineer will provide technical expertise and support to the client during the design phase of a project and will also have technical authority over the specifications of the design. T...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior Design Engineer,  Eden Scott
Eden Scott is recruiting for a global service company for the role of a Senior Design Engineer.

Key Accountabilities (includes, but not limited to the following)
 Assess design brief to produce the best solution to project requirements, considering, timescale, cost, safety, current client and industry standards.
 Collate bid information for composition of tender documents in s...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
PDMS Administrator,  RedCat Energy
RedCat Energy have been retained by our client to recruit a PDMS administrator for them in Aberdeen.

This is an interested and varied role that will see you being responsible for the project set up, maintenance and support of the CAD environment.
To be considered it is expected that you have solid experience in PDMS project administration, be experienced in the creation and control of 3D mode...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: contract
PDMS Administrator,  RedCat Energy
RedCat Energy have been retained by our client to recruit a PDMS administrator for them in Aberdeen.

This is an interested and varied role that will see you being responsible for the project set up, maintenance and support of the CAD environment.
To be considered it is expected that you have solid experience in PDMS project administration, be experienced in the creation and control of 3D mode...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: contract
FEA Analyst - Risers,  Eden Scott
Eden Scott is recruiting for a global service company for the role of a Senior FEA Engineer.

This role works within an analytical team of like minded people but ultimately forms part of a larger engineering function.
Ideal candidate will:
*Currently be employed within a similar FEA dominated role.
*Have strong education and be chartered ideally.
*Possess a broad range of experience within...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior Design Engineer – Remote Intervention,  Eden Scott
Eden Scott is recruiting for a global service company for the role of a Senior Design Engineer - Remote Intervention.

Provide Remote Intervention (RI) design engineering in support of the Marine Technology business.
This is a key position in supporting existing technologies/equipment services, developing new
technology products and bespoke solutions.

Key Accountabilities (includes, but...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeenshire, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Lead Project Engineer,  Eden Scott
Eden Scott Client is looking to place a Lead Project Engineer.

Job Summary

The Lead Project Engineer is responsible for all engineering aspects of a project or for defined scopes of work within a larger project both onshore and offshore. In particular, this includes undertaking responsibility for the day to day direction, management and control of engineering teams and project resources tog...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Design Specialist,  Eden Scott
A leading provider of flow equipment products, systems and services to worldwide oil & gas in Aberdeen is looking for a Design Specialist. Eden Scott is working in partnership with this client to find the best suitable candidate.

The role:
The client is looking to recruit an experienced Design Specialist with a Subsea/Installation background to develop oil tool equipment designs, either to me...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Design Engineer,  Eden Scott
A leading down-hole isolation company in Aberdeen is looking for a Design Engineer. Eden Scott is working in partnership with this client to find suitable candidates.

Purpose of the role:
The Design Engineer (DE) will be primarily responsible for the progression of conceptual, detail, drafting and revision elements of design as requested by the Meta Technology Department and other departments ...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Civil Engineering Engineer/Technician,  CCN Recruitment
CCN recruitment are exclusively recruiting for the job of Civil Engineering Technician in Aberdeen.

Our client are currently recruiting for an experienced Civil Engineer Technician with experience in highway, drainage, earthworks design and SUDS

A Civil Engineering CAD Technician will ordinarily undertake the following tasks: Prepare drawings in AutoCAD Design roads, drainage, retaining wal...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Solidworks Draughtsman,  Spencer Ogden
SPENCER OGDEN are working in partnership with a specialist engineering firm looking for a Draughtsman with expertise in Solidworks.

Based in Aberdeen you will be working on exciting pipeline projects for a pioneering engineering firm as part of a dynamic engineering team. Currently undergoing an exciting period of growth, our partners now require an experienced draughtsman with expertise in So...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Draughtsperson - 8476,  Oceaneering International
MAIN PURPOSE OF JOB:

The main purpose of The Design Draughtsperson Role is to assist & Support Execution Engineering & Technical Sales activities on assigned Projects and Bids. The main focus of the role for execution engineering is to generate & maintain all system designs & drawing sets in relation to the hardware and end terminations for the umbilical during the execution of a project. The ...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Rosyth, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Principal Engineer - Downhole - Aberdeen,  Spencer Ogden
SPENCER OGDEN in partnership with a leading downhole technology company who are looking for a Principal Engineer to join there growing operations.

The company develops a leading range of downhole drilling and completion tools that are all designed and manufactured in Aberdeen but distributed globally.

The company has received significant financial backing due to the success of the tools supp...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Chemistry Lab Technician,  Leap29
Leap 29 are currently working on behalf of a major oilfield services company, actively seeking a Chemistry Lab Technician to join them on a 6 month contract basis from San Antonio, Texas.

You will be responsible for performing duties to conduct prototype or laboratory tests following prescribed procedures. Build equipment and/or perform basic material or environmental tests using basic techniqu...

Organisation's Logo
Location: San Antonio, UNITED STATES
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: contract
Senior Electrical Engineer,  Forum Energy Technologies
Forum Energy Technologies require a Senior Electrical Engineer to provide engineering design and support functions and to take the technical discipline lead on design projects, under instruction of the Lead discipline Engineer. This position is based at Kirkbymoorside, York.

Main Tasks and Responsibilities:

To manage electrical design projects.
To provide design on projects, using the...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Kirkbymoorside, York, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
CAD Draughtsperson (AutoCAD/Inventor),  MDE Consultants AS
MDE has an immediate need for CAD Draughtsperson to work with a key client in the Subsea & Offshore Engineering & Construction sector. These will be contract positions based in Stavanger for 6 to 12 months.

Organisation's Logo
Location: Stavanger, NORWAY
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: contract
Electronic Design Engineer,  Faststream Ltd
PLEASE NOTE: Due to security implications associated with this role, candidates must have British citizenship.

A leading UK design consultancy is seeking an Electronic Design Engineer to join their team at their Winfrith site. You will become part of a highly technical engineering team and get the chance to be hands on with projects, which includes participating in vessel visits and attending t...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Dorset, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
PDMS Administrator,  G&S Recruitment Services Ltd
Our client, a leading Oil & Gas consultancy based in the west end of Aberdeen, have an immediate requirement for an experienced PDMS Administrator to join their projects team on a long term contract or staff basis. Reporting to the Design Drafting Supervisor you will be responsible for the project set up, maintenance and support of the CAD Environment.

Roles and Accountabilities
Maintains an...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: tbc
Mechanical Engineer,  Techconsult UK LTD
Our client is a globally recognised company who specialise in the design, manufacture and project management of products & services for the Subsea Oil & Gas sector. Due to the continued growth of the business and the ongoing development of new subsea products, they are now looking to recruit a Mechanical Design Engineer for a permanent position based at their offices in Teesside.

You will be in...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Teesside, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior/Principal Naval Architect,  MAC Resourcing
MAC Resourcing is working with one of the leading marine engineering consultancies in Aberdeen. This is a fantastic opportunity for a Naval Architect to join an award winning team and support a number of key clients on varied and interesting engineering projects.

Responsibilities

The key dimensions of the role include:
- Design and analysis including mooring analysis, stability and structur...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior Discipline Engineer,  Raeburn Group Limited
One of our Oil and Gas clients are currently recruiting for a Senior Discipline Engineer in Aberdeen on a permanent basis.

Job purpose:

The Senior Pipeline Engineer shall perform conceptual and / or detailed engineering studies as required, based on requirements specified by the Client or Project Management Team.
They shall ensure compliance with specified design rules and ...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Design Draughtsperson,  Raeburn Group Limited
One of our Oil and Gas clients are currently recruiting for a Design Draughtsperson in Aberdeen on a permanent basis.

SPECIFIC RESPONSIBILITIES:

Delivery of mechanical design drawings and associated documentation.
Produce drawings which are clear, accurate, cost effective, meet the requirements of the specification and which can be constructed and commissioned safely and effectively
Ens...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior CAD Designer,  CCN Recruitment
Our client based in Montrose are seeking a Senior CAD Designer to join the team. The ideal candidate will have previous experience in the delivery of plant modification.

Basic qualifications:

*Typically will possess certificate of higher education in the relevant discipline - mechanical or electrical and instrumentation.
*Numeracy skills
*Good written and verbal communication skills.
*P...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Montrose, Angus, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Process Enginnering Director - LNG - Houston,  Progressive Global Energy

The Executive Search Division at Progressive Global Energy have been asked by a key client to source a Process Engineering Director for a large EPC company based in Houston.

This will involve managing a team of engineers on a large LNG project

This role will be based in Houston and will be paying a generous compensation package including base salary of up to $250,000, performance bo...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Houston, UNITED STATES
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Downhole Mechanical Design Engineer required for NW Houston, TX,  Progressive Global Energy

Progressive Global Energy are currently looking for a Mechanical Design Engineer to join a downhole and completions service company in NW Houston on a direct hire basis.

The company are creating pioneering technologies which will allow existing tools to get into deeper wells at higher temperatures and higher pressures.

Organisation's Logo
Location: Houston, UNITED STATES
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Mechanical Design Engineer - Downhole - Houston, TX.,  Progressive Global Energy

Do you have experience working as a Mechanical Design Engineer within the Oil and Gas industry?

Do you have experience working on the design and analysis of downhole/completions tools?

Have you solid problem solving skills?

Are you interested in working for a pioneering company in the industry...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Houston, UNITED STATES
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Civil/Structural Engineer,  The Bergaila Companies
We are currently seeking Civil/Structural Engineers for a prominent engineering and construction company. Our client provides full- service engineering, design, procurement and project management services to the refining and petro- chemical industries. There are three Civil/Structural Engineer positions available- Two openings based out of Billings, MT and one based out of Bellingham, WA.

The C...

Organisation's Logo
Location: Billings, MT, UNITED STATES
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: contract
Sr. Control Systems Designer- PDS,  The Bergaila Companies
We are currently seeking an experienced Sr. Control Systems Designer with proficiency in PDS software for a leading engineering and construction company based in Houston, TX. With 100+ years of established work history, our client designs, engineers and constructs leading-edge processing facilities and related infrastructure for the upstream oil and gas, LNG and gas- to- liquids, refining, chemica...
Organisation's Logo
Location: Houston, TX, UNITED STATES
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: contract
Civil Designer,  The Bergaila Companies
We are currently seeking an experienced Civil Designer for a position with a leading engineering and construction company based in Houston, TX. With 100+ years of established work history, our client designs, engineers and constructs leading-edge processing facilities and related infrastructure for the upstream oil and gas, LNG and gas- to- liquids, refining, chemicals and petro- chemicals, mining...
Organisation's Logo
Location: Houston, TX, UNITED STATES
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: contract
Engineering Manager - Well Completions,  Dilectus Recruitment Solutions
ENGINEERING MANAGER SPECIALISING WITHING COMPLETIONS 7& DOWNHOLE TOOLS TO BE BASED IN ALTENS, ABERDEEN FOR OUR INNOVATING AND GROWING CLIENT. EXCELLENT BASE SALARY + 30% BONUS, PENSION, MEDICAL & DENTAL, LIFE INSURANCE, INCOME PROTECTION ETC.

The Company

The CompanyA global service company based in Aberdeen with sites all over the glo...
Organisation's Logo
Location: Altens, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Senior Design Engineer,  Dilectus Recruitment Solutions
SENIOR DESIGN ENGINEERS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCE WITHIN DOWNHOLE/DRILLING TOOLS LOOKING FOR SOME DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY?? THIS IS THE ROLE FOR YOU. BASED IN THE CENTRE OF ABERDEEN (NOT FAR FROM THE TRAIN STATION) OUR CLIENT IS ABLE TO OFFER YOU AN EXCELLENT REMUNERATION PACKAGE, CAREER PROGRESSION AND EXCITING NEW TECHNOLOGIES TO WORK WITH!

The Role

Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
Design Engineer,  Net Talent

Design Engineer

Permanent

Aberdeen

Due to company expansion, our client, a key international engineering service, are currently recruiting a 'Design Engineer' to join them on a permanent basis at their Aberdeen based multidiscipline Engineering Office.


Key Skills & Qualifications

  • HND in Mechanical E...
Organisation's Logo
Location: Aberdeen, UNITED KINGDOM
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: staff/perm
E&I Drafter,  Air Energi

Ideally you will be experienced in AutoCAD and have at least 4 years experience within the Oil and Gas industry.

You will be assisting with x3 Onshore projects expected to last between 3-4 years.

There is no relocation offered for this position, therefore locals are highly considered.

Fantastic salary and benefits.

Organisation's Logo
Location: New Orleans, UNITED STATES
Design - Oil & Gas CAD Job Type: contract
Results Page: 1  2  3  4  [Next>>]
Follow us
Copyright 2014 OilCareers Ltd : All Rights Reserved
Privacy Policy  | Terms of Use  | AdChoices 
OilCareers supports equal opportunities. Job adverts that are discriminatory or otherwise offensive are prohibited and will be removed if found by or notified to OilCareers. Failure to comply may result in OilCareers withdrawing your right to use the website and referral to law enforcement authorities.